Implementing across Jurisdictions: The case of Internationally Educated Nurses in Canada
Dr Christine Wihak
This presentation will examine how consistency in Validation across jurisdictions can be achieved through non-legislated means.
Canada is a federated democracy whose constitution gives power to each provincial/territorial government to regulate health professions. Although each province/territory sets standards for nursing competence, much consistency has been achieved through voluntary inter-jurisdictional co-operation among regulatory bodies and professional associations.
Internationally Educated Nurses (IEN) seeking to be licensed for practice in Canada commonly have to undertake a Validation process to determine that their combination of formal education and work experience have given them Substantially Equivalent Competence to a nurse educated in Canada. This case study will examine how Validation is carried out in two Canadian jurisdictions – British Columbia and Nova Scotia -- examining the similarities and differences faced by IENs undergoing Validation in the two provinces. The case will highlight how considerable consistency in Validation can be obtained without state intervention, by drawing on inter-jurisdictional, intra-professional co-operation and shared understandings.
About Dr Christine WihakCountry
PLAR - Thompson Rivers University
Dr. Christine Wihak recently retired as the Director, PLAR at Thompson Rivers University – Open Learning. In that role, Dr. Wihak created and headed the Prior Learning International Research Consortium (PLIRC) comprising internationally known scholars of RPL. The group published two edited books:Handbook of the Recognition of Prior Learning: Research into Practice and Researching the recognition of prior learning. In addition, PLIRC created a Document Database of research in the field: http://ideasketch.tru.ca/
Prior to joining TRU-OL, Dr. Wihak was an Assistant Professor in Workplace and Adult Learning at the University of Calgary, where she taught in the on-line graduate programs in the Faculty of Education. She carried out research in the area of work-related informal learning, intercultural understanding, and PLAR (Prior Learning Assessment & Recognition).